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Posts Tagged ‘logical reasoning’

The “Rage to Master”

The Development of Mastery

Psychologists report that some children have an innate, self-driven desire to learn and know all there is to know about a field.  These children lock onto and pursue a topic with unusual tenacity, pouring hours of unbroken concentration into exploring this topic.  The results of this kind of concentration are not surprising:  a very high competency in the chosen field.

One phrase that is apparently in current usage as a label for this type of drive is the “rage to master.”

Not Just for Kids

While “child prodigies” appear to have attracted the most study so far, the “rage to master” is not something that is unique to children—or child prodigies.  College and law students can also catch fire with an internal desire to know, dominate, master a field.  These students are, of course, great at test preparation.

Finding the “rage to master” within oneself for a topic such as the logical reasoning or reading comprehension that is tested on the LSAT or the contracts, torts, evidence, or other law topics that are tested on the bar exam may require some soul-searching.  But it’s worth going on this journey, because that fire—the rage to master—is an incredibly powerful mechanism for improvement.  More discussion on the rage to master coming soon. . . .

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LSAT and Bar Prep | Constructing and Destroying Arguments

One key skill tested in the logical reasoning section category of the LSAT is that of building—and tearing down—arguments.  This skill can appear on the test in many ways, including:
__________

  1. Making a statement of facts into an argument, either by drawing an inference or by providing support to an unsupported assertion
  2. Finding an additional premise
  3. Presenting a “counter-premise”, i.e., a statement that would serve as a premise in a counter-argument

__________

This skill also plays a significant role in bar exam essay, performance test, and MBE sections.

Check this blog periodically for discussion of the argument-construction/destruction skill, how to develop it, how to spot questions that test it, and how to separate good from bad answer choices.

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LSAT Prep | Reading Comprehension | Overview

History

The reading comprehension section of the LSAT acquired its basic present form in 1991 but underwent a minor change in 2007. This minor change consisted of replacement of a single traditional passage with two smaller passages to be compared.

Importance

The reading comprehension section typically contributes twenty-seven (27) or twenty-eight (28) of the approximately 100 questions that go into a test-taker’s final LSAT score. This section, therefore, accounts for approximately 28% of the test-taker’s score, making it the second most important section on the LSAT (logical reasoning is first at about 50%, and analytical reasoning (often called “logic games“) is last at about 22%).

Content

Each LSAT comprises one scored reading comprehension section. The reading comprehension section consists of four subsections. Three of these subsections include a single long passage followed by five to eight questions. One of these subsections includes two shorter passages followed by seven or eight questions; the two shorter passages are related to each other in some way so as to serve as grounds for questions that call for comparison of the two passages.Each question is followed by five possible responses, lettered A through E. Only one response of the five possible responses is a credited response, i.e., the “right answer.”

Timing

The reading comprehension section is allotted 35 minutes.

Technical Information

Unlike the GRE or GMAT, the LSAT is a paper-based test. A test taker’s answers must be recorded (“bubbled in”) on an answer sheet using a soft lead pencil, which answer sheet is then scanned and electronically graded. No credit (or penalty) is given for marks in the test booklet. There is no penalty for guessing.

Strategy and Tactics

Many LSAT preparation companies are available today to assist students in preparing for the LSAT and the logical reasoning section thereof. LSAT prep companies typically provide in-class instruction regarding logical principles, test-taking strategy, and diagramming techniques. These LSAT prep courses may also include proctored mock LSATs. LSAT prep providers may also offer online LSAT training, computerized analysis of a student’s LSAT performance, and one-on-one LSAT tutoring.

For More Information

Students preparing for the LSAT reading comprehension section are advised to get a free copy of “Eight Questions for Your LSAT Tutor—and One for You” from LSAT Tutor.net.

 

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LSAT | Analytical Reasoning (“Logic Games”) | Overview

History

The analytical reasoning (“logic games”) section of the LSAT has been in its basic present form since 1991.

Importance

The analytical reasoning section generally contributes approximately twenty-two (22) out of the approximately one hundred (100) questions that go into computation of an LSAT-taker’s final score.As such, this section accounts for approximately 22% of the test-taker’s score, which makes it the least important section on the LSAT (reading comprehension is second at about 28%, and logical reasoning is the most important section at about 50%) in terms of impact on one’s score.

Content

Each LSAT comprises one scored analytical reasoning section. The analytical reasoning section consists of four subsections. Each of these subsections provides a “logic game” that comprises a set of rules about at least one set of variables. Each logic game is then followed by five to eight questions regarding these variables.Each question is in turn followed by five answer choices, only one of which choices is the “credited response,” i.e., the right answer.

Timing

LSAT-takers are given 35 minutes to take the analytical reasoning section.

Technical Information

The LSAT is a paper-based test, unlike many other standardized tests that are taken on a computer (e.g., GRE, GMAT). LSAT-takers’ answers are recorded (“bubbled in”) on an answer sheet using a soft lead pencil, which answer sheet is then scanned and electronically graded. No credit (or penalty) is given for marks in the test booklet. There is no penalty for guessing.

Strategy and Tactics

Many LSAT preparation companies are available today to assist students in preparing for the LSAT and the analytical reasoning section thereof. These LSAT prep companies typically provide in-class instruction regarding logical principles, test-taking strategy, and diagramming techniques. These LSAT courses may also include proctored mock LSATs. LSAT prep providers may also offer online LSAT testing, automated analysis of a student’s LSAT performance, and one-on-one LSAT tutoring.

For More Information

Students preparing for the LSAT reading comprehension section are advised to get a free copy of “Eight Questions for Your LSAT Tutor—and One for You” from LSAT Tutor.net.

 

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Logical Reasoning Overview

History

The logical reasoning section of the LSAT took its present form in 1991.

Importance

The logical reasoning section typically comprises about 50 questions out of the approximately 100 questions that go into a test-taker’s LSAT score. This section is therefore the most important section on the LSAT, serving as the basis for essentially 50 percent of one’s final LSAT score. Reading comprehension (about 28% of one’s LSAT score) and analytical reasoning (often called “logic games,” at about 22% of one’s LSAT score) are second and third in importance, respectively.

Content

Each modern (i.e., post-1991) LSAT comprises two scored logical reasoning sections. Each logical reasoning section contains approximately twenty-five (25) short passages, most commonly one paragraph in length each. Each passage is then followed by a question to be answered or a statement to be finished.The question or statement is then followed by five possible responses, lettered A through E. Only one response of the five possible responses is the “credited response,” i.e., the right answer.

Timing

Each logical reasoning section is allotted 35 minutes.

Technical Information

Unlike the GRE or GMAT, the LSAT is a paper-based test. A test taker’s answers must be recorded (“bubbled in”) on an answer sheet using a soft lead pencil, which answer sheet is then scanned and electronically graded. No credit (or penalty) is given for marks in the test booklet. There is no penalty for guessing.

Strategy and Tactics

Many LSAT preparation companies are available today to assist students in preparing for the LSAT and the logical reasoning section thereof. LSAT prep companies typically provide in-class instruction regarding logical principles, test-taking strategy, and diagramming techniques. These LSAT prep courses may also include proctored mock LSATs. LSAT prep providers may also offer online LSAT training, computerized analysis of a student’s LSAT performance, and one-on-one LSAT tutoring.

For More Information

Students preparing for the LSAT reading comprehension section are advised to get a free copy of “Eight Questions for Your LSAT Tutor—and One for You” from LSAT Tutor.net.

 

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